What is Alzheimer's?


Alzheimer's is a progressive brain disorder that affects memory, thinking, and behavior. It is the most common cause of dementia and is characterised by the death of brain cells and the formation of abnormal structures in the brain. Symptoms can include memory loss, difficulty with basic tasks, language problems, disorientation, mood swings, and changes in behavior. There is no cure for Alzheimer's, but treatments and support can help manage symptoms.

Early onset Alzheimer's

Early-onset Alzheimer's refers to a type of Alzheimer's disease that occurs in individuals under the age of 65. This type of Alzheimer's is relatively rare and accounts for only 5-10% of all cases. The onset of early-onset Alzheimer's can have a significant impact on a person's life, including their ability to work, provide for their family, and participate in social activities.

Signs and symptoms of Early onset Alzheimer's 

Early stage sign of Alzheimer

1 Ask the same questions over and over again 

2 Forget important dates and events 

3 Forget where you are or what time it is 

4 There was no reason for the sudden loss of control 

5 Constant emotional loss 

6 Loss of basic judgment 

7 Blurred vision 

8 Inability to work and difficulty socializing 

9 Suddenly forget words, unable to express what they want to say 

10 Loss of understanding of basic things 

Later stage sign of Alzheimer

1 Forget the people around you or the familiar things in the past 

2 Further loss of awareness of time, everyday affairs 

3 Increased frequency of violent mood swings and unpredictable behavior 

4 A decline in memory 

5 A lack of basic abilities, like walking, talking 

Diagnosis of Alzheimer's

The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is usually not a straightforward process. Medical professionals require conducting multiple tests and assessments before arriving at a final determination. The evaluation may include assessments of

1 physical condition

2 blood test result

3 Genetic test (when hereditary factors are suspected )

4 Brain scans

5 neuropsychological tests

This thorough process is necessary because the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease can be similar to those of other medical conditions. Only after a comprehensive evaluation can a medical professional diagnose Alzheimer's disease. 

Advances in technology have enabled the early detection of Alzheimer's before the onset of symptoms.

Alzheimer's Treatment

Although there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's, medical care and certain medications can slow the progression of the disease. There is evidence that some drugs can help to slow down the decline of certain cognitive abilities. People living with Alzheimer's often require round-the-clock care, and in the early stages, symptoms such as sudden memory loss or confusion can result in significant challenges.  

Choice Support Tasmania offers 24/7 support for individuals or families affected by Alzheimer's or any form of dementia. Trained and knowledgeable support staff will provide expert assistance.